Home»Publications»The Effect of Hair Type and Texture on Electroencephalography and Event-Related Potential Data Quality
The Effect of Hair Type and Texture on Electroencephalography and Event-Related Potential Data Quality
Lees, T., Ram, N., Swingler, M. M., & Gatzke-Kopp, L. M.
From the abstract: "Research utilizing event-related potential (ERP) methods is generally biased with regard to sample representativeness. Among the myriad of factors that contribute to sample bias are researchers' assumptions about the extent to which racial differences in hair texture, volume, and style impact electrode placement, and subsequently, study eligibility. The current study examines these impacts using data collected from n = 213 individuals ages 17–19 years, and offers guidance on collection of ERP data across the full spectrum of hair types. Individual differences were quantified for hair texture using a visual scale, and for hair volume by measuring the amount of gel used in cap preparation. Electroencephalography data quality was assessed with multiple metrics at the preprocessing, post-processing, and variable generation stages. Results indicate that hair volume is associated with small, but systematic differences in signal quality and signal amplitude. Such differences are highly problematic as they could be misattributed to cognitive differences among groups. However, inclusion of gel volume as a covariate to account for individual differences in hair volume significantly reduced, and in most cases eliminated, group differences. We discuss strategies for overcoming real and perceived technical barriers for researchers seeking to achieve greater inclusivity and representativeness in ERP research."
Lees, T., Ram, N., Swingler, M. M., & Gatzke-Kopp, L. M. (2023). The effect of hair type and texture on electroencephalography and event-related potential data quality. Psychophisiology. Online Publication. Retrieved from: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/psyp.14499