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Individual Differences in Frontal Alpha Asymmetry Moderate the Relationship Between Acute Stress Responsivity and State and Trait Anxiety in Adolescents
Glier, S., Campbell, A., Corr, R., Pelletier-Baldelli, A., & Belger, A.
From the abstract: "Stress is a risk factor in the development and maintenance of psychopathology, particularly anxiety. Despite theory suggesting differences in stress responsivity may explain heterogeneity in anxiety, findings remain contradictory. This may be due to failure to account for individuals’ neurobiological states and outdated methodologic analyses which confound conceptually and biologically distinct stress response pathways. In 145 adolescents, this study examined whether individual differences in neural activation underlying motivational states, indexed by resting frontal alpha asymmetry (FAA) before and after the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST), moderate the relationship between stress responsivity (measured by cortisol) and anxiety. Adolescents with rightward FAA activation (indexed by changes in resting FAA pre-to-post TSST) and high trait anxiety showed blunted cortisol reactivities while those with leftward FAA activation and high state anxiety showed prolonged cortisol recoveries. Our work reveals individual differences in vulnerability to psychosocial stressors and is the first study to show that FAA activation moderates the relationships between anxiety and distinct phases of the stress response in adolescents."
Glier, S., Campbell, A., Corr, R., Pelletier-Baldelli, A., & Belger, A. (2022). Individual differences in frontal alpha asymmetry moderate the relationship between acute stress responsivity and state and trait anxiety in adolescents. Biological Psychology, 172. DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2022.108357