From the abstract: "Children are not miniature adults. A broad range of scientific studies establish developmental, biological, cognitive, and emotional differences between children and adults that are so substantial that many legal systems recognize their bearing on the rights, liabilities, and protections afforded to children by law. Yet, in some respects, lawmakers are behind the private sector in learning, understanding, and incorporating scientific findings regarding children. The failure to use science-based policy-making and regulations compromises the law’s ability to protect children and account for their distinctive attributes, needs, and vulnerabilities. These failures are particularly evident in the protection of children in digital spaces. Despite recognized benefits of some digital technologies for children, these same technologies, when lacking appropriate regulation and monitoring, risk causing substantial harm and can be exploited by entities that prioritize profit over consumers’ long-term well-being, especially when vulnerable populations, such as children, are concerned."
Gilad, M., Fishbein, D. H., Nave, G., & Geslevich Packin, N. (2023). Science for policy to protect children in cyberspace. Science, 379(6639), 1294-1297.