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Adaptive Parenting Among Low‐Income Black Mothers and Toddlers' Regulation of Distress
Bocknek, E. L., Richardson, P. A., McGoron, L., Raveau, H., & Iruka, I. U.
From the abstract: "Parenting differs in purpose and strategy according to cultural background (Brooks‐Gunn & Markman, 2005; Iruka, LaForett, & Odom, 2012). The current study tests a unique latent factor score, Adaptive Parenting, that represents culturally‐relevant, positive parenting behaviors: maternal coping with stress through reframing, maternal scaffolding of toddlers' learning during a low‐stress task, and maternal commands during a high‐stress task. Participants were Black mothers (N = 119; Mage = 27.78) and their 24‐ to 30‐month‐old toddlers. Families were part of a broader study examining family resilience among urban, low‐income young children and their families. Results demonstrate that the proposed variables align on a single factor and positively predict toddlers' emotion regulation. Findings are discussed in the context of Black culturally‐specific parenting processes."
Bocknek, E. L., Richardson, P. A., McGoron, L., Raveau, H., & Iruka, I. U. (2020). Adaptive parenting among low‐income black mothers and toddlers' regulation of distress. Child Development, 91(6), 2178-2191.