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Examining the Relationship Between Discrimination, Access to Material Resources, and Black Children's Behavioral Functioning During COVID-19
Ibekwe-Okafor, N., Sims, J., Liu, S., Curenton-Jolly, S., Iruka, I., Escayg, K.-A., Bruno, B., & Fisher, P.
From the abstract: "Systemic racism and discriminatory practices continue to disproportionally expose Black children and families to less than optimal health and economic resources. COVID-19 sheds existing light on how longstanding systemic inequalities affecting Black children and families create racial disparities in accessing material resources. The purpose of this study (N = 704 Black caregivers) is to better understand the relationship between experiences of racial discrimination, access to material resources (i.e., health-promoting resources and economic resources), and Black children's behavioral functioning during the pandemic. Through the application of ordinary least squares regression analysis, we find that inadequate material resources (both health-related risks and economic hardship) during the pandemic were associated with heightened caregiver report that their child was frequently fussy or defiant (externalizing) and frequently anxious or fearful (internalizing). The study found no significant links between caregivers’ experiences of discrimination during the pandemic and children's behavioral functioning. However, the study found a significant link between caregivers’ concern for their children's experiences of discrimination and their children's externalizing behaviors. Findings from this study offer an important contribution to understanding how factors rooted in systemic racism—access to material resources—and experiences of discrimination affect Black children's well-being during COVID-19."
Ibekwe-Okafor, N., Sims, J., Liu, S., Curenton-Jolly, S., Iruka, I., Escayg, K.-A., Bruno, B., & Fisher, P. (2023). Examining the relationship between discrimination, access to material resources, and black children's behavioral functioning during COVID-19. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 62, 335-346.