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Implementation Science: Foundations and Applied Practice in Educational Settings

Farmer, S., Ward, C. S., & Cusumano, D.

From the abstract: "The objective of educational systems is to foster learning. Instruction and experiences that move indicators of success in desired directions hinge on effectively using evidence-based practices. Unfortunately, our best efforts have been insufficient in making this a reality. Notably, this is not due to the effectiveness of the practices but to inadequate attention directed at systems to support practices. In short, it is critical that teachers, leaders, and policy-makers develop and refine dynamic systems to support and sustain educators’ use of evidence-based practices with fidelity. This chapter will draw on research and applied practice from implementation science in the field of education. Specifically, the Active Implementation Frameworks (Fixsen et al., 2013) will inform this discussion as they provide purposeful actions to make practices usable while creating environments that facilitate and support change in systems. We will share how implementation science engages stakeholders in the work of developing effective and efficient infrastructure. This chapter will highlight the importance of developing capacity across education agencies to empower them to transform systems to support teachers’ effective use of evidence-based practices. Although focused on systems and practices, the unchallenged goal of this work is to create optimal learning opportunities for all students."


Farmer, S., Ward, C. S., & Cusumano, D. (2023). Implementation science: foundations and applied practice in educational settings. In: Nellis, L. M., Fenning, P. A. (Eds.) Systems Consultation and Change in Schools, 13-34. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-031-21381-6_2